In Nairobi, severe pre-existing infrastructure needs are being exacerbated by water supply fluctuations and slum flooding related to climate change. Environmental awareness and education leading to more equitable governance processes are required. As noted by the Kenyan delegation to the 2007 UN conference on climate change in Nairobi, Kenya’s adaptation focuses include education, good governance, human resources development and training, institutional capacity building and management change, public finance improvement, and better national resources management. Nairobi, one of the largest and most complex cities in the world, provides a challenging arena for participatory governance research. Results there are likely to have wide application in other large African urban areas.

Project Partners

Project partners talk at the project’s final meeting (November 5-11, 2012 in Nairobi): Nilza Matavel, Eugenia Cossa, Romanus Opiyo, Paaristha Oomadath, Patricia Figueiredo, Elias Manjate.

Durban Team Members

Durban team members at the final project meeting: Patrick Bond, Dudu Khumalo, Priya Pillay. At back: Patricia Figueiredo.

Nairobi Sewer

Sewer outfalls flow into garbage-clogged surface waterways in Nairobi.


Infrastructure repairs in the densely-populated Huruma area of Nairobi aim to reduce flooding.



Digging to repair water and sewer lines blocks busy streets in Huruma.


Kilimanjaro Initiative (KI)

Kilimanjaro Initiative (KI) is an international non-governmental organization (NGO) headquartered in the Republic of Kenya, registered on the 25th of September 2008, primarily to address the problems of youth in the urban areas of East Africa. It aims to do so by providing young women and men with opportunities that will enable them to take on a constructive role in their communities thereby alleviating the need for them to engage in ungainly and detrimental activities that prove disadvantageous both to them and to the community at large and further recognizing their local knowledge and will-power. After opening the doors to its offices to the Public in Nairobi in 2009, KI is confident it now has a platform to engage and assist an increasing number of youth to become agents of positive change in their respective urban contexts.

Kilimanjaro Initiative, as its name indicates, is inspired by Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. Every year, KI organizes an ascent to the rooftop of Africa, bringing together youth and community stakeholders from around the world. The annual climb is a way of raising awareness of some of the social issues confronted by young persons, as well as encouraging cross-cultural dialogue.

Kenya Debt Relief Network (KENDREN)

Kenya Debt Relief Network (KENDREN) is a network of non-governmental and religious organizations, community based associations and individuals across the country concerned with the enormous debt burden in Kenya that continues to cripple development and efforts to improve the living standards of the country’s citizens.

The network was officially launched in 1999 with an emphasis to coordinate and facilitate civil society activities towards cancellation of the country’s debt in the light of the Jubilee 2000 campaigns worldwide.